Study of Petroleum Engineering


Engineering is one of the pillars of the sciences and disciplines for which students have aspired for years, and as a result of the development of Engineering and its association with all the sciences and fields of life, new branches of engineering and the most recent of these branches of so-called petroleum engineering, which is oil engineering and we can define it As a branch of engineering that seeks to explore, excavate and work on the production of oil through the practice of the best methods, where the oil from the depths of the Earth is home and extracted by the latest methods to provide consumers with the application of the latest applications of petroleum engineering.
This specialization is one of the disciplines of modern engineering, dating from 1914 and on that date petroleum engineering was adopted as an independent academic specialization and became one of the disciplines of engineering taught in various universities, especially the universities of countries that are rich in black gold.

Petroleum engineering is often associated with the branch of Earth sciences and is closely connected to the science of engineering all economic subjects and deals with the science of classes and the chemistry of the Earth, and all related to the Earth from the science and mechanisms of oil and extraction.

Specialization of petroleum Engineering

We will discuss our article in detail about the study of this specialty, where the duration of the study of petroleum engineering is five years, during which the student examines a large number of courses and studies that deepen in the field, and one of the most prominent courses taught by the student in the first years (account integration-vectors Matrices-Differential equations-probabilities and engineering statistics-general physics, and studies courses of general chemistry, technical editing, engineering drawing, computer programming and introduction to petroleum and natural gas engineering.

The student then deepens more in the study in recent years and from courses (reservoir rock-fluid flow-reservoir engineering), as well as courses of principles of petroleum geology, transportation and storage as well as petroleum reservoir engineering.
In the last year, the student also teaches courses on artificial production methods, surface processes, engineering of natural gas production, and exploration of petroleum and natural gas.
During the years of study the student is trained on the latest equipment in the world of petroleum engineering and at the end of the fifth year introduces a graduation project in petroleum engineering.
Petroleum engineering is mainly divided into four engineering disciplines which are taught in most of the universities individually, but in some universities all of which are taught under the name of petroleum engineering in the five years:
  • Drilling Engineering: The drilling Engineer's education includes how to develop a complete plan to understand the nature of the rocks and the pressures in them in order to penetrate them and control the reservoirs located in the ground, after confirming the presence of oil or gas in the place.                                                                                                                                              
  • Oil production Engineering: The production engineer begins his work immediately after the completion of the drilling engineer and is responsible for the production of oil as much as possible and at the lowest economical cost, and also responsible for the transport of materials produced for the pipeline companies and other transport agents.                                                              
  • Inventory Engineering: The Inventory Engineer is responsible for analyzing the rock system, creating high-efficiency drainage patterns and predicting the performance and production of the reservoir, known as the oil reserves.

  • Simulation Engineering or expert petrophysical: This section boils down to teaching the engineer to develop a full shareware program describing the oil reservoir (depth, area, future production and the possibility of drilling new wells to increase the yield).

Why do you have to choose this specialty?
  • The specialization of petroleum engineering is one of the most rare and famous specialties, so it has many advantages:
  • The graduate of this specialty is a rare currency and all oil countries and their major companies are competing to attract this rare category to them.
  • The latest high-tech plans are used to capture and account for issues and challenges and to exploit manpower.
  • Providing the student with a future full of challenges and opportunities and the fact that her studies are not easy, the graduates of this engineering have a great salary in his job.
  • Petroleum engineering helps to provide petrol and fuel for the operation of electrical plants.
  • The study in this branch establishes the student with foundation knowledge in many areas together (mathematics-Physics-chemistry-geology).
  • Helping the student innovate, he discovers new ways to extract oil and natural gas from ancient wells.

Areas of work for the student after graduation:
  1. The specialization of petroleum Engineering provides a large number of jobs:
  2. Petroleum engineer works in the field of oil fields.
  3. Work in the management of oil research and drilling operations.
  4. Acting as the manager of an oil company or director of the petroleum department in the companies.
  5. Work in the areas of supervision of oil drilling and extraction operations.
  6. Conducting surveys to explore and develop oil and gas wells.
  7. Supervising the oil tanks.
  8. Collaborate with geologists to study the nature of rocks.
  9. The petroleum engineer designs and develops the machinery used in prospecting to ensure its effectiveness.

Areas of postgraduate studies for this specialty:
  • The graduate program is characterized by a scientific focus and its practical applications in the circumstances where the oil fields are located, and are advanced courses include topics such as drilling of oil and gas wells, storage of natural gas, electrical measurements in wells and computer applications And petroleum Economics.
  • In case the student wants to complete his studies in the specialization of petroleum Engineering and study masters, he has to achieve a good rate at the undergraduate level and then study masters for three years.
  • During the years of the Masters study the student deepens more in the study of petroleum engineering materials and at the end of the third he presents a master thesis in petroleum engineering.
  • If the student has an ambition to complete his doctoral studies, it means that he has to study for five years and at the end of the course he submits a PhD thesis in petroleum engineering.
  • The study program provides practical training with theoretical education and research study in the fields of various petroleum engineering, and focuses on the search for new oil sources, prospecting and oil wells search techniques.
  • Provide students with the basics of the various fields related to this specialty such as petroleum chemistry, physics, Mathematics, thermodynamics, drilling and its applications on the curriculum.
  • Postgraduate studies in petroleum engineering enable the engineer to also work as a lecturer in some universities or in research and development fields.

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