Human medicine and its specialties


When a human medicine student graduates, he takes the status of a general practitioner after studying in the college for a period of six or seven years in which the student deals with materials that recognize the human body in general, including cell and tissue science, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, medical and other Summary for each individual member.
The specialization is followed by one of the medical specialties for a period of four to seven years, during which he studies in hospitals and deals with patients and acquires experience from the cases examined by himself and other physicians as well, and we will mention in this article some of the existing medical specialties:

Disciplines of the study of human medicine

Cardiology Specialty
  • The student is studying in this jurisdiction the following:
  • Diseases of the arteries and blood vessels.
  • Diagnosis and deficiency of heart disorders.
  • Cardiac valves and coronary arteries.
  • Cardiac surgery of all kinds.
  • Diagnosis of diseases related to heart problems such as angina, arterial stenosis and blood pressure diseases.

Human medicine-Orthopedic Specialty

During specialization, the student learns about the skeleton of the human body and its diseases and how to treat it from correction of fractures and the healing of injuries and bone deformities to perform surgeries, and examines during the specialization the following topics:
  • Hand surgery.
  • Shoulder surgery and facilities.
  • Replacement of joints.
  • Foot and ankle surgery.
  • Spinal surgery.

The student can also enroll in postgraduate studies which increase his knowledge about the installation of prosthetic limbs, bone-limb studies and spinal surgery.

Human medicine – Urology and surgery

The student in this specialty cares about the treatment of the urinary system in the human body as well as the reproductive system of the man, and examines the following subjects:
  • Pediatric Urology.
  • Organ transplantation.
  • Surgery of tumors of the tract.
  • Male infertility and fertility.
  • Treatment of stones.
  • Nervous bladder.
  • Women's pelvic diseases.

Human medicine – the specialty of ophthalmology and surgery

The following subjects are taught by the student in this specialty:
  • Anatomy of the eye.
  • Eye diseases and surgery.
  • Growing lenses.
  • Devices that help the doctor to detect the eye and diagnose the disease.

Specialty of Gynecology

The student in this specialty examines all that is related to the state of health of women through many subjects including:
  • Embryology.
  • Hormones.
  • Sexual health.
  • Tumors.
  • The surgery.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Obstetrics.
  • Breastfeeding.

The physician is responsible for monitoring the woman during pregnancy, reassuring the fetus, performing the births and then following up the woman during lactation.

The study of Human medicine-pediatric Branch

The student in this specialty learns how to monitor the child's health from birth until he reaches puberty by studying subjects such as:
  • Child health care.
  • The child's food system.
  • Child vaccines.
  • Mental health of the child.
  • Stages of child development.

Study of Human medicine – the specialty of the chest and the respiratory system

The student deals in this specialty with the respiratory system from the nose to the lungs and learns subjects during his studies:
  • Human anatomy.
  • Diseases of the respiratory system.
  • Respiratory tract infection.
  • Allergic diseases.
  • Tumors of the respiratory tract.
  • Diseases related to the periodic apparatus.

Human medicine – Radiology Specialty

The student learns how to detect pathological conditions anywhere in the body, using different types of rays and depending on the pathological condition, through a number of subjects:
  • Diagnostic Radiology.
  • Nuclear medicine.
  • Radioisotopes.
  • Therapeutic radiology.
  • X-rays.
  • Gamma rays.
  • CT imaging and MRI.
  • Ultrasonic waves.

In the end, the specialist can:
  1. Perform radio-graphic imaging of all types.
  2. Read the results of radio-graphic imaging and diagnosis of pathological conditions.
  3. Deal efficiently with the modern machines responsible for radiography.

Specialization of human medicine – ear, nose and throat specialty

The student is studying in this specialty the following articles:
  • The nose and all related diseases such as sinusitis, nasal deformities and the necessary surgical procedures.
  • The ear and related illnesses and problems affect the hearing and the necessary surgical procedures.
  • The head and neck where the student learns the methods of medical and surgical treatment of facial trauma and deformities and the importance of that area in the performance of hearing and olfactory senses.
  • Throat and diseases that affect speech, eating, swallowing and others.

Specialty of neurology and neurosurgery

During this specialization, the student examines topics related to the health of nerves and their seizures and diseases related to the central and peripheral nervous system through the following substances:
  • Brain physiology.
  • Cognitive neuroscience.
  • Neuroscience and electrical signals.
  • Cognitive mechanisms and what happens in the brain.
  • Neurophysiology and the effect of various stimuli.

Study of Human medicine – Dermatology

This specialty examines all the human skin and diseases that afflict it through the following substances:
  • Skin and its safety.
  • Skin diseases caused by the sun.
  • Scalp, hair and nail problems.
  • Skin tumors.

Specialty of cosmetic Surgery

Often used for dermatology, the workers in this specialty repair, restore and compensate for congenital or acquired abnormalities either in form or function, and reshape part of the body according to the patient's opinion. One of the cases that can be dealt with by a cosmetic surgeon is as follows:
  • Rhinoplasty Cases 
  • Treatment and repair of burns 
  • And beautify the body 

Medicine study – Internal Medicine specialty

This specialty includes a range of disciplines where the student examines the diseases of diabetes, cold, flu, liver disease and digestive tract such as stomach, intestines, and pancreas and spleen according to the decisions:
  • Heart disease.
  • Digestive system and liver.
  • Diseases of the endocrine glands and hormones.
  • Cancerous and benign tumors.
  • Infectious diseases.

Postgraduate studies after studying the specialty of human medicine

All of the above disciplines are all in the context of human medicine, which allows the student after finishing specialization to pursue postgraduate studies for two years or more to obtain the master and doctorate, through which he is specialized in a specific aspect of his competence in a form that increases his knowledge and allows him to further deepen And work in teaching specialization in universities.

Job opportunities in the field of medicine after specialization

The job opportunities that the student can work after finishing specialization are similar but according to his specialty and we will mention the following:
  1. Government and private hospitals.
  2. Medical research centers.
  3. Social guidance institutions concerned with the dissemination of medical culture.
  4. Medical research centers.

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