All you need to know about biotechnology study


Biotechnology... Questions and Answers

The twentieth century ended with a major breakthrough in traditional sciences such as demand, chemistry, physics and others, and the 21st century began with new scientific applications that began its scientific foundation in the last century, but whose appearance and brilliance were promising in the early 21st century. And endure many surprising surprises and applications of mankind in the future, the most important of these modern science is the science  "Technology", which we will know about things worthy to know in the coming lines.

Q: What is biotechnology? And when did this kind of technology start?

Biotechnology or biotechnology simply means the use of a living thing to make or develop a useful product, i.e. it is a technology based primarily on biology, and is adapted and introduced into a wide range of different areas.

In the first half of the 20th century, there were signs of this knowledge of some simple applications in agriculture, but it was only in the second half of the twentieth century that it became a widely known application, and it is expected that this technology will culminate in its spectacular applications in the near future.

Q: What applications are included in this bio-technology?

The modern division of this technology consists of four branches, all of which are associated with certain colors to denote them, namely:

Red Biotechnology

It is a biotechnology related to the medical field, which includes, for example, the production of antibiotics from organisms, the association with some areas of genetic engineering for the treatment of diseases, the possibility of producing medicines specific to the genetic content of an individual, and the treatment of incurable diseases such as cancer and others.

Green Biotechnology

It is a biotechnology in the agricultural field, from its application of the production of genetically modified plants, tissue transplantation, the manufacture of non-chemical pesticides and bio-fertilizers, and other applications that focus on agriculture, thus dramatically affecting the methods of development of the food industry.

White Biotechnology

It is one of the most prevalent applications, because it is the biotechnology associated with the industrial field. They include the use of live animals to produce chemicals required for commercial use, rather than industrial production. It also includes pharmaceutical manufacturing, special treatments for textiles, leather, plastic production, amino acids, alcohol, and other manufactured materials.

Blue Biotechnology

This type deals with the world of sea and marine organisms, and focuses on technical uses in the processes of biology and marine memberships. The most important thing in this area is the study of marine memberships in the high oceans.

Biomedical technology is mainly used in the following industries:
  • Chemical and pharmaceutical industry
  • Food and beverage industry
  • Waste water treatment industry, garbage and harmful gases
  • Medical research facilities and natural sciences studies
  • Develop and distribute vital technical equipment and facilities and give technical advice regarding them.

Q:Is this technology really safe?

Like any other science, biotechnology, if applied to scientific aspects beneficial to humanity, will have a tremendous impact on health, food, industrial and other development. If used in military aspects, it would lead to severe destruction, which would bring humanity back centuries.

Q: What are the areas of biotechnology work?

In fact, this particular specialization guarantees the graduate a wide range of excellent job opportunities, in several different areas. A student with a degree in biotechnology can work in pharmaceutical companies, scientific research companies, and companies responsible for the development of agriculture, water purification and industrial companies producing chemicals, proteins, fibers, vitamins, etc. Or it can also be full of academic life and research centers related to all scientific disciplines without exception.

Q: What about the wage level of this specialty?

Suffice it to know that one of the famous U.S. employment sites reported that biotechnology jobs are one of the happiest jobs in the United States. Not only for its high remuneration, which allows the specialist a life of a prestigious level, but also because it is one of the functions that ensure the development and rapid promotion, and open wide scientific and research fields to the degree in this specialization.

Q: What are the prerequisites for studying this specialization?

The specialization of biotechnology has been taught as a postgraduate degree for a long time, until recently, and because of the high demand for this specialization, courses have been established to give the university degree in this field.

To apply for undergraduate degree in biotechnology, students require high grades in scientific subjects such as chemistry and biology, as well as the student's proficiency in English, and have high scores in TOEFL or IELTS, which are different degrees of acceptance according For the type of university.

The progression of postgraduate courses in biotechnology depends mainly on the type of sub-specialty that the student wants to study. The specialization in red (health) biotechnology differs in its presentation requirements for Green (agricultural) biotechnology, as well as other applications.

Therefore, a student usually needs to provide a proven degree in disciplines related to the sub specialty that he/she will study, as follows:
  • In the field of Red Biotechnology (health) the student must have one of the medical qualifications of all kinds (medicine, medical science, medical technology, veterinary Medicine, pharmacy) or have a scientific qualification in the fields of (biology, chemistry and genetics).
  • In the field of green (agricultural) biotechnology, the postgraduate graduate must be qualified to study agriculture in all its branches, or related sciences such as Plant science, microbiology and others.
  • In the field of white (industrial) biotechnology, those with university degrees in science, agriculture or engineering can apply for postgraduate studies in this discipline.
  • In the blue (marine) biotechnology, recipients of relevant scientific qualifications are preferred, such as marine sciences, aquatic biology and others.

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